TOEFL

LISTENING

GENERAL STRATEGIES:

  1. Be familiar with the directions àthey’re the same, it isn’t necessary to listen carefully
  2. Listen carefully to the conversations.
  3. Never leave any answers blank on your answer sheet

 

PART A

  1. As you listen to each short conversation, focus on the second line of the conversation àThe answer to the question is generally found in the second line
  2. Keep in mind that the correct answer is probably a restatement of a key word or idea in the second line of the conversation àeven if you do not understand the complete conversation, you can find the correct answer.
  3. Keep in mind that these questions generally progress from easy to difficult.
  4. If you see any synonyms for key words in a particular answer, then you have probably found the correct answer.
  5. Avoid similar sounds à they usually have different meanings.
  6. It is common to be asked about: –     WHO is probably talking?

–          WHAT will he/she probably do next?

–          WHERE does the conversation probably take place?

  1. It is possible for two negative ideas to appear in one sentence
  2. Listen for negatives with comparatives àno one is more handsome than Aiden

PART B

  1. Listen carefully to the first line of the conversation àit often contains the main idea, subject, or topic of the conversation.
  2. draw conclusions about the situation of the conversation: who, where, when.
  3. Anticipate the topic and questions.

 

PART C

  1. Listen carefully to the first line of the talk àit often contains the main idea, subject, or topic of the talk
  2. Draw conclusions about the situation of the talk àwho – where – when – what.

 

READING

 

  1. Be familiar with the directions.
  2. Do not spend too much time reading the passages! àskim to determine the main idea à the topic/ subject/ main idea/ main point/ primarily concerned/ the best title.
  3. Find the section of the passage that deals with each question à Read the part of the passage that contains the answer carefully
  4. Recognize the organization of the ideas à how the ideas in one paragraph related to the ideas in another paragraph àprovides examples/ contradicts, etc.
  5. You will sometimes be asked to determine what probably comes before the reading passage (in the preceding paragraph) or what probably comes after the reading passage (in the following paragraph).
  6. Sometimes, the last question of particular reading asks about the passage as a whole àthe author’s purpose (Draw a conclusion about the purpose from the main idea and supporting details). , which course the passage might be a part of (Draw a conclusion about the purpose from the topic and supporting details).

 

 

STRUCTURE

 

  1. Be familiar with the directions
  2. Study the sentence àstudy each answer based on how well it completes the sentences.
  3. Be sure the sentence has a subject and a verb.
  4. Be careful of present participles (the –ing form of a verb)

–       The man is talking to his friend (verb)

–       The man talking to his friend wears blue shirt (adjective)

  1. The woman who is waving to us is Nuri’s aunt àthe woman waving to us is Nuri’s aunt.
  2. I don’t like the argument which appears in today’s paper à I don’t like the argument appearing in today’s paper.
  3. The letter which you sent me arrived yesterday àdoesn’t reduce
  4. Other form:

–       The man, who is preparing to leave the town, is arguing with his family.

–            The man, preparing to leave the town, is arguing with his family.

–            Preparing to leave the town, the man is arguing with his family.

  1. Question words:

–       What are they? (question)

–       I know what they are. (connecting two clauses)

 

 

 

 

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